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Governor Walz Signs Bill Moving Minnesota to 100 Percent Clean Energy by 2040

On Feb. 7 Governor Tim Walz, alongside legislators, labor, and environmental advocates at the St. Paul Regional Labor Center. signed into law legislation establishing a Minnesota carbon-free electricity standard. With Senate File 4, Minnesota will take steps to lower greenhouse gas emissions, combat the climate crisis, and create new clean energy jobs. The new law ensures Minnesotans will continue to have reliable, affordable, and safe energy resources.

“Climate change impacts lives and livelihoods in every corner of our state,” said Governor Walz. “Minnesota will continue to lead the way on combatting climate change and we’ll create clean energy jobs in the process.”

Chris Clark, president of Xcel Energy – Minnesota said “This legislation will provide opportunities to innovate, create jobs, incorporate new technologies into the grid and work closely with the communities that are home to our employees and power plants on a successful transition.”

“ . . . An affordable and reliable carbon-free electric supply is the foundation for Minnesota's work to cut carbon pollution in all sectors of our economy,” said Fresh Energy Executive Director Michael Noble.

HOW DOES THE NEW LAW WORK? Electrical utilities in Minnesota have already made significant strides toward carbon-free energy, with a decline in carbon emissions of 54% from 2005 to 2020, according to the recently published Greenhouse Gas Report. The new law gives utilities the planning time and flexibility they need to reach the 100% goal while maintaining reliable and affordable electricity for Minnesotans.

The bill establishes a standard for utilities to supply Minnesota customers with electricity generated or procured from carbon-free resources, beginning at an amount equal to 80% of retail sales for public utility customers in Minnesota in 2030 and increasing every 5 years to reach 100% for all electric utilities by 2040. The bill also requires that, by 2035, an amount equal to at least 55% of an electric utility’s total retail electric sales to customers in Minnesota must be generated or procured from eligible energy technologies.

The bill encourages utilities to locate new energy-generating facilities in communities where fossil-fuel-generating plants have been retired or are scheduled for retirement and prioritize projects that maximize local employment, including employment of workers from communities where generation has been retired.

The bill also expands the benefits that the Public Utilities Commission is to consider when implementing this energy standard to include:

  • The creation of high-quality jobs in Minnesota paying wages that support families.

  • Recognition of the rights of workers to organize and unionize.

  • Ensuring that workers have the necessary tools, opportunities, and economic assistance to adapt successfully during the energy transition, particularly in environmental justice areas.

  • Ensuring that all Minnesotans share the benefits of clean and renewable energy and the opportunity to participate fully in the clean economy.

  • Ensuring that statewide air emissions are reduced, particularly in environmental justice areas.

  • The provision of affordable electric service to Minnesotans, particularly to low-income consumers.

MEDIA CONTACT: Mo Schriner, Minnesota Department of Commerce


This legislation means Minnesota joins a group of 10 states (California, Hawaii, Illinois, Massachusetts, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, Virginia, and Washington) plus the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico, in having laws that require a transition to 100 percent carbon-free or renewable electricity. (2/9/23,

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